The TCF (French Language Achievement Test)
is a linguistic achievement test intended for any non French speakers and who wish, for professional or
private reasons, to certify their achievement level in French.
The scores obtained on the TCF are ranked into 6 levels:
- Level A1: Elementary
- Level A2: Advanced Elementary
- Level B1: Intermediate
- Level B2: Advanced Intermediate
- Level C1: Advanced
- Level C2: High Advanced
Each test result level entitles the student
to receive a level confirmation certificate, which is valid during
There are 4 types of TCF:
TP (General Public)
The TCF for the general public consists of 3
mandatory examinations with 80 multiple-choice questions and 2
additional tests used to assess levels of oral and written
expression. The questions are organized in ascending order of
The General Public TCF
(mandatory and additional tests) is also required by
most French universities for the admission of foreign
students into the various courses of study (schools).
Before registering, please check with your university to determine its
requirements: General Public TCF, Full General Public TCF, General
Public TCF with Oral Expression or General Public TCF with Written
Mandatory tests: 1 h 30 min
Oral expression : 15 min
Written expression : 1 h 45 min
Any non French-speaker who wishes to
do so, for professional or personal reasons, may certify their
achievement level in French.
TCF DAP (Application for
The first test includes
assessments of achievement in oral comprehension,
grammar, vocabulary and written expression.
The second test evaluates skills in written
expression, with two exercises: a 200-word minimum
commentary on numerical data, and a 300-word minimum persuasive
First exercice : 1 h 30 min
Seconde exercice : 1 h 30 min
If you wish to register for an
undergraduate course in France ("Licence 1" or "Licence 2") or enrol in
a school of architecture, and you do not hold a DELF B2 or
DALF, you will have to sit for the TCF for Application for Pre-Admission ("TCF
Quebec (for immigration to Quebec)
As of 16th October 2006, the Quebec Ministry of Immigration and
Cultural Communities (MICC) has required that anyone submitting an
application to immigrate to Quebec justify their level of achievement
in French by taking the "TCF for Quebec".
The TCF for Quebec consists of 4 tests:
Listening (30 questions) : 25-30 minutes
Speaking (6 questions) : 15 minutes
questions) : 45 minutes
Writing (6 questions) :
1 hour 45 minutes
Candidates may chose one or several of these
This test is exclusively restricted to persons filing an
immigration application with a Quebec immigration office or at a Quebec
TCF ANF (for
Since 1st January 2012, candidates for French
citizenship must provide proof of their oral competence in French in
the areas of “listening”, “taking part in a conversation” and
“expressing oneself steadily”, at the B1 level of the Common
European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).
For that purpose, and in order to fulfill this requirement, the
CIEP has designed a category for the TCF (Test of Competence in
French) to be used to assess candidates’ competence specifically in
French listening comprehension and oral expression: the TCF
for Application for French Citizenship (TCF ANF). The
Alliance française de Bruxelles-Europe is a test centre for this
form of the test.
The “TCF for Application for French
Citizenship” (TCF ANF) consists of two mandatory sections:
Oral comprehension (30 questions): 30 minutes.
Oral expression (a personal interview with an examiner) (6 questions): 15 minutes.
The certificate from the “TCF for
Application for French Citizenship” is valid only as part of an
application to obtain French citizenship by marriage or
naturalisation and will only be accepted if you achieve a level
equal to or higher than B1
of Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).
The certificate also must be currently valid (2
years from the date of issue by the CIEP)
to enable you to complete your citizenship application.
You may not use this certificate to apply for
admission to a French university or as part of an application for
immigration to Quebec.
Please note that people who have
passed the DELF B1 and B2 exams, as well as those passing the DALF
C1 and C2, are exempt from having to take this test. Those who
have a current valid certificate, either for the
TCF for Quebec, or for the TCF
for the general public, with a passing result on the oral expression
section and attesting to a B1 level or higher on both the
oral comprehension and oral expression sections, are likewise exempt
from having to take the special category of the TCF for
Application for French Citizenship.
information on the
CIEP web site
information on the
ministère de l'interieur français web site