The TCF (French Language Achievement Test) is a linguistic achievement test intended for any non French speakers and who wish, for professional or private reasons, to certify their achievement level in French.

The scores obtained on the TCF are ranked into 6 levels:

  • Level A1: Elementary
  • Level A2: Advanced Elementary
  • Level B1: Intermediate
  • Level B2: Advanced Intermediate
  • Level C1: Advanced
  • Level C2: High Advanced

Each test result level entitles the student to receive a level confirmation certificate, which is valid during 2 years.

There are 4 types of TCF:


TCF TP (General Public)

The TCF for the general public consists of 3 mandatory examinations with 80 multiple-choice questions and 2 additional tests used to assess levels of oral and written expression. The questions are organized in ascending order of difficulty.

The General Public TCF (mandatory and additional tests) is also required by most French universities for the admission of foreign students into the various courses of study (schools).

Before registering, please check with your university to determine its requirements: General Public TCF, Full General Public TCF, General Public TCF with Oral Expression or General Public TCF with Written Expression.


Mandatory tests: 1 h 30 min
Oral expression : 15 min
Written expression : 1 h 45 min

Who can register?

Any non French-speaker who wishes to do so, for professional or personal reasons, may certify their achievement level in French.

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TCF DAP (Application for Pre-Admission)

The first test includes assessments of achievement in oral comprehension, grammar, vocabulary and written expression.

The second test evaluates skills in written expression, with two exercises: a 200-word minimum commentary on numerical data, and a 300-word minimum persuasive composition.


First exercice : 1 h 30 min
Seconde exercice : 1 h 30 min

Who can register?

If you wish to register for an undergraduate course in France ("Licence 1" or "Licence 2") or enrol in a school of architecture, and you do not hold a DELF B2 or DALF, you will have to sit for the TCF for Application for Pre-Admission ("TCF for DAP").

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 TCF Quebec (for immigration to Quebec)

As of 16th October 2006, the Quebec Ministry of Immigration and Cultural Communities (MICC) has required that anyone submitting an application to immigrate to Quebec justify their level of achievement in French by taking the "TCF for Quebec".

The TCF for Quebec consists of 4 tests:

TCF Quebec

Listening (30 questions) : 25-30 minutes
Speaking (6 questions) : 15 minutes
Reading (30 questions) : 45 minutes
Writing (6 questions) : 1 hour 45 minutes

Candidates may chose one or several of these tests.

Who can register?

This test is exclusively restricted to persons filing an immigration application with a Quebec immigration office or at a Quebec Consulate General.

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TCF ANF (for French citizenship)

Since 1st January 2012, candidates for French citizenship must provide proof of their oral competence in French in the areas of “listening”, “taking part in a conversation” and “expressing oneself steadily”, at the B1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).

For that purpose, and in order to fulfill this requirement, the CIEP has designed a category for the TCF (Test of Competence in French) to be used to assess candidates’ competence specifically in French listening comprehension and oral expression: the TCF for Application for French Citizenship (TCF ANF). The Alliance française de Bruxelles-Europe is a test centre for this form of the test.

The “TCF for Application for French Citizenship” (TCF ANF) consists of two mandatory sections:


Oral comprehension (30 questions): 30 minutes.
Oral expression (a personal interview with an examiner) (6 questions): 15 minutes.

The certificate from the “TCF for Application for French Citizenship” is valid only as part of an application to obtain French citizenship by marriage or naturalisation and will only be accepted if you achieve a level equal to or higher than B1 of Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).

The certificate also must be currently valid (2 years from the date of issue by the CIEP)
to enable you to complete your citizenship application.

You may not use this certificate to apply for admission to a French university or as part of an application for immigration to Quebec.

Please note that people who have passed the DELF B1 and B2 exams, as well as those passing the DALF C1 and C2, are exempt from having to take this test. Those who have a current valid certificate, either for the TCF for Quebec, or for the TCF for the general public, with a passing result on the oral expression section and attesting to a B1 level or higher on both the oral comprehension and oral expression sections, are likewise exempt from having to take the special category of the TCF for Application for French Citizenship.

More information on the CIEP web site
More information on the  ministère de l'interieur français web site top of page